Measuring S100B in concussed athletes following a maximal aerobic fitness test
Jarvis, Lindsay Noel
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An objective biological test to measure concussion may provide further insight into a player's decision to return-to-play. Protein S100B is a calcium-binding protein that has been studied as a sensitive biomarker of central nervous system injury alter mild head trauma and as a useful predictor of clinical outcome after brain injury. Both head trauma and exercise influence disruption of the blood-brain barrier, which causes the release of S100B into the peripheral circulation. Serum samples were taken from post-concussed and non-concussed collegiate athletes before and immediately after participation in a maximal aerobic fitness test...