Relationships between iron status and academic performance / by Tony Valente
Valente, Tony B.
SubjectIron deficiency anemia in adolescents
Cognition in adolescence Health aspects
Academic achievement Health aspects
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Adolescent females are susceptible to iron deficiency. Iron may be linked to cognition based on its contribution to central nervous system function. Effects of iron deficiency may be reflected in academic performance as measured by grades. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an association existed between iron status and academic performance. Participants were 14- to 16-year-old healthy female students in the 10th grade. Relationships between academic performance, vitamin B12 and albumin were also examined. Blood parameters for 71 participants included: serum ferritin, hemoglobin (Hb), vitamin B12, and albumin. Academic performance was assessed by school grades and included the following measures: Overall average, plus individual scores in, Math, Science, Physical Education, and English. The prevalence of iron deficiency (serum ferritin <= 20 [mu]g/L) in the sample was 58%.