Psychological responses to three dimensional body shape exposure in female university students / by Julie A. M. Riendeau.
Date2008, c 20
Riendeau, Julie Andree Mary
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"The purpose of the present study was to experimentally investigate the psychological responses of women to two dimensional (2D) or three-dimensional (3D) body image exposure. Seventy female undergraduate students were randomly assigned to view life-size images of themselves in 2D or 3D) as well as to receive one of two sets of instructions (nonjudgmental self-description [NSD] versus no instruction). Body dissatisfaction (BD), length of time engaged in mindful activity, and self-reported mood were assessed throughout the experiment. Among participants with dispositionally low-shape concerns, exposure to 3D images produced significantly lower BD compared to their 2D counterparts. Among participants with high-shape concerns, BD decreased significantly from pre- to post-exposure among those viewing their images in 2D with NSD instruction. Conversely BD decreased significantly from pre- to post-exposure among participants in the 3D condition who simply viewed their images without instruction.