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Qualitative differences in the effects of food and water on learned behavior
Experimental interest for the present research stemmed from the traditionally accepted notion that qualitatively different reinforcers, such as food and water, have similar effects on learning. The present investigation ...
Reinforced practice and reduction of fear of water in children
Reinforced practice was used to treat children for fear of water. The primary measure of fear reduction was a behavioural task involving approach and entry to water. A comparison of pre-and post-test scores on the ...
Effects of differential food deprivation on partial reinforcement in two selectively bred strains of rats
The effects of three levels of food deprivation, and shift in reinforcement patterns were investigated in selectively bred high-(RHA/Lu) and low( RLA/Lu) avoidance strains. The high-avoidance strain responded to the ...