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Adaptive and phenotypic responses of white birch provenances to climate variations
Trees have adapted to their local climate, but with changes in the climate may currently, or in the near future occupy climates that are sub-optimal for growth and survival. The goal of current reforestation is therefore ...
Variation in vessel diameter and leaf area of white birch (Betula papyrifera) along moisture gradients in Canada
One of the key hypotheses of this research is that white birch that has evolved in wet areas will have larger vessels than those trees that evolved in dry areas. Since the wet areas are less likely to experience drought ...