Investigation of anthropometric, physiological and strength responses of physically disabled adult male wheelchair basketball players during training
Bluechardt, Mary Helen Sinkins
Master of Science
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The purpose of this study was to monitor anthropometric, physiological and strength responses of six physically disabled adult male wheelchair basketball players during training. An intrasubject case study research design was selected because of differing levels of disabilities and individual variability of responses during training. A repetitive bi-weekly testing schedule for anthropometric measures, cardiopulmonary function, grip strength, arm flexion and extension strength was followed. The six-week wheelchair basketball training schedule was two evenings per week of two hour duration. This study was descriptive, and nonstatistical in nature. Results were presented in tabular and graphical form so individual responses could be observed. The results indicated individual variability of responses to test parameters. However, consistent responses noted were: a reduction in body weight, a decreased mean heart rate response to the same power out-put on a wheelchair ergometer, a decreased initial heart rate in supine and sitting positions, and an increase in grip, arm flexion and extension strength tests.