Assimilation of basic xenoliths within centre 3 syenites of the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario
Nicol, Derek N.
Master of Science
SubjectGeology Ontario Coldwell Alkaline Complex
Syenite Ontario Coldwell Alkaline Complex
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This thesis describes the occurence, mineralogy and assimilation of basic Kenoliths hosted by Centre 3 syenites. Field work ‘was earned out in two locations, one in the vicinity of Neys/Ashburton and the other a large megaxenolith hosted by Centre 1 syenites in the vicinity of Wolf Camp Lake. Least altered Menoliths consist of plagioclase, pyreo^ene. arnphibole, biotite, apatite and opaque phases. 'With increasing assimilation this changes to a combination of plagioclase, arnphibole, biotite, apatite, opaque phases, alkali feldspar, calcite, fluorite, sphene, zircon, REE phases and quartz. Plagioclase is replaced by alkali feldspar in the form of oorphyroblasts and crystals in the groundmass. Plagioclase is also decalcified to more albitic compositions along with recrystallization. Arnphibole compositions extend over the same range of arnphibole compositions in the host ferro-edenite syenite. The general effect of xenolith assimilation is the equilibrium of a xenolith’s mineral assemblage to that of the host syenite. Assimilation processes seen at Wolf Camp Lake are similiar to those seen at Neys/Ashburton. Bulk rock data along with mineralogical compositional variation in clinopyroxenes, suggest a tholeiitic basalt parentage for x.enoliths in both areas. Cr and Ni contents indicate an evolved nature to the parent volcanics. Data also suggest the possible existence of a second undersaturated type of volcanic xenolith present at Neys/Ashburton. Parental basalts are postulated to be coeval volcanics related to the formation of the Coldwell Complex. Modelling by mass balance mixing calculations of contamination of host syenites indicates that contaminated ferro-edenite syenites are the result of direct assimilation of volcanic xenoliths by ferro-edenite syenite. Quartz syenites are found to be unsuitable parents to contaminated ferro-edenite syenites.