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Chemical and electrochemical modification of kraft lignin to value-added products

dc.contributor.advisorChen, Aicheng
dc.contributor.advisorJiang, Zi-hua Justin
dc.contributor.authorPan, Ke
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-11T02:56:53Z
dc.date.available2012-11-11T02:56:53Z
dc.date.created2011-09
dc.date.issued2012-11-10
dc.identifier.urihttp://knowledgecommons.lakeheadu.ca/handle/2453/270
dc.description.abstractLignin is one of the most abundant biopolymers on earth, constituting approximately 30% of the dry weight of softwoods and 20% of hardwoods. It is a renewable, non-toxic, commercially available and low cost natural resource that has significant potential for being utilized as a basic raw material for the polymer industry. Lignin has potential for serving as a reinforcement agent in rubber because of its relatively large molecular weight, low surface reactivity and high water resistance. However, unmodified kraft lignin is generally incompatible with the rubber matrix, causing well known hysterisis problems in filled tires. Therefore, modification is required to improve the potential application of kraft lignin as a rubber filler. To date, lignin has been used primarily as a low-grade fuel for the pulp and paper industry due to the lack of effective modification and depolymerization methods.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectLigninen_US
dc.subjectKraft ligninen_US
dc.subjectLignin modificationen_US
dc.subjectElectrochemicalen_US
dc.titleChemical and electrochemical modification of kraft lignin to value-added productsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
etd.degree.nameM.Sc.en_US
etd.degree.levelMasteren_US
etd.degree.disciplineEngineering : Environmentalen_US
etd.degree.grantorLakehead Universityen_US


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