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Effects of past grazing and trampling on soil nutrients at Stanley Hill Bison, Kakabeka Falls, Ontario

dc.contributor.advisorMcLaren, Brian
dc.contributor.authorPanza, David
dc.description.abstractGlobal studies indicate that ungulates can have negative influences on soil quality and directly affect soil nutrient availability. This thesis examines the effects of past cattle grazing and current bison grazing on soil quality on a small, rented farm property in Kakabeka Falls, Ontario. Three fields were chosen for comparison of a position at the top of a hill intended to be used in rotational grazing (upslope area), a heavily trampled mid-slope area, and the downslope area of the same hill near a natural watercourse used for livestock watering. Bulk density, loss on ignition (an estimate of soil organic carbon), and concentrations of soil macro-, micro-, and secondary nutrients were calculated to compare the soils. ANOVA and MANOVA tests show that there were significant differences with slope position and that, as expected from literature on seepage, higher macronutrient levels were generally downslope. The mid-slope area had lowest bulk density and highest soil organic carbon, perhaps due to high quantities of manure in the soil. Continued monitoring of soil quality at the farm is recommended as planting and rotational grazing remediate past failure to manage the pastures.en_US
dc.subjectBison managementen_US
dc.subjectLivestock managementen_US
dc.subjectSoil qualityen_US
dc.subjectSoil erosionen_US
dc.subjectEffects of grazing on soil qualityen_US
dc.subjectGrassland soil dynamicsen_US
dc.titleEffects of past grazing and trampling on soil nutrients at Stanley Hill Bison, Kakabeka Falls, Ontarioen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US Bachelor of Environmental Managementen_US Resources Managementen_US Universityen_US

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