# The role of co-construction of the clock model in the development of fractional understanding in a grade 4/5 classroom

 dc.contributor.advisor Lawson, Alex dc.contributor.author Girardin, Susan dc.date.accessioned 2014-01-22T16:45:31Z dc.date.available 2014-01-22T16:45:31Z dc.date.created 2012-12 dc.date.issued 2014-01-22 dc.identifier.uri http://knowledgecommons.lakeheadu.ca/handle/2453/550 dc.description.abstract The focus of this case study was to determine the impact of the co-construction and use of the clock model in the development of fractional understanding in a Grade 4/5 classroom. A pretest, instruction, midtest, intervention, posttest, retention test sequence was used. The teaching unit was developed to address six areas of student difficulty with fractions identified in the literature: factional parts are equal size portions, fraction symbols, improper fractions, size of unit fractions, estimation and comparison, and equivalent fractions. The clock model was co-constructed by the students with the teacher in the second half of the unit. Students used the clock model in four different forms: as an area model, as whole numbers of minutes, as equivalent fractions, and as an open clock. Although some students did not adopt the clock model, others used it with great success. Most students moved beyond using only landmark fractions of an hour to being able to work with thirds and sixths of an hour. The clock model helped some students to better understand the relationship between equivalent fractions. Recommendations are discussed. en_US dc.language.iso en_US en_US dc.subject Study and teaching (Elementary) en_US dc.subject Mathematics teachers en_US dc.subject Mathematical models en_US dc.subject Fractional understanding en_US dc.title The role of co-construction of the clock model in the development of fractional understanding in a grade 4/5 classroom en_US dc.type Thesis en_US etd.degree.name M.Ed. en_US etd.degree.level Master en_US etd.degree.discipline Education en_US etd.degree.grantor Lakehead University en_US dc.contributor.committeemember Berger, Paul
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