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Plant microfossil analysis of middle woodland food residues, northern Minnesota

dc.contributor.advisorBoyd, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorBurchill, Alexandra
dc.date.accessioned2014-12-12T16:42:13Z
dc.date.available2014-12-12T16:42:13Z
dc.date.created2014
dc.date.issued2014-12-12
dc.identifier.urihttp://knowledgecommons.lakeheadu.ca/handle/2453/582
dc.description.abstractNorthern Minnesota lies within the southern edge of the Boreal Forest and, as a result, archaeological sites in this region typically have poor organic preservation and thin, disturbed, stratigraphy. For this reason, little is known about specific plant foods and their importance at many sites. In order to fill this gap, my research focuses on the extraction of plant microfossils (starch, phytoliths and pollen) from carbonized and non- carbonized food residues associated with Middle Woodland (100 BC – AD 500) components. My results show that wild rice was widely consumed during this time along with cultigens such as maize. No additional evidence suggested farming, so there is a possibility of trade with periphery groups to acquire the cultigens recovered from the microfossil analysis. These results demonstrate the importance of plant microfossil studies as a tool for identifying subtle evidence of wild and domesticated plants in regions characterized by poor organic preservation, small seasonally-occupied sites and other fundamental limitations. The mixed economic strategy apparent in some Northern Minnesota sites re-defines a diet of native and domesticated cultigens, which can be applied to the wider archaeobotanical literature of northeastern North America.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectExtraction of plant microfossils (starch, phytoliths and pollen)en_US
dc.subjectWoodland tradition in the upper Great Lakesen_US
dc.subjectPaleodiet of woodland peoplesen_US
dc.subjectPhytolith and starch analysis in archaeologyen_US
dc.subjectFood residue analysisen_US
dc.subjectWoodland perioden_US
dc.titlePlant microfossil analysis of middle woodland food residues, northern Minnesotaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
etd.degree.nameM.E.S.en_US
etd.degree.levelMasteren_US
etd.degree.disciplineEnvironmental Studies : Northern Environments & Culturesen_US
etd.degree.grantorLakehead Universityen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHamilton, Scott
dc.contributor.committeememberVarney, Tamara


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